UNIVERSITE DE PARIS 1 PANTHEON-SORBONNE
MASTER ERASMUS MUNDUS SUSTAINABLE TERRITORIAL DEVELOPMENT
Director: Dr. Prof. Leo Dayan, Université de Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
Increased frequency and intensity of heat waves is one of the consequences of climate change which affect the territory of France, including the territory of agglomeration community Plaine Commune. Composed of nine cities to the North of Paris, the territory is characterized by socio-economic insecurity of its population; dense urban area is impacted by a significant heat exposure resulting from insufficient thermal quality of housing and because of urban heat island effect.
The territory is marked by the speed of economic development catching up after crisis and the growth of its population. As Plaine Commune is a part of the vanguard in the field of sustainable development in France, it represents an experimentation ground for policies of local management of global climate risks. Its experience could be analyzed and (not) be used on other territories, cities, counties or municipalities.
The purpose of this paper, based on a conceptual and technical research conducted on the territory over several months, using participatory observations and non-structured interviews with experts, is to identify and scrutinize the factors of vulnerability of Plaine Commune, analyze past impacts and future risks in order to build the base for adaptation strategies.
From this research, it appears that Plaine Commune is facing the risk of morbidity and loss of assets not only because of its today’s vulnerable condition, its vulnerability is likely to persist in future due to the growth and densification of population facing extreme weather events. The degree of vulnerability to heat waves is and will be stronger for people in precarious economic situation, the elderly, the disabled and marginalized population.
Although uncertain about the future climate change, as it depends both on local strategies and development plans and also on the complex interactions of choices and decisions made both on the local and on the higher levels of regulation, Plaine Commune not only takes the first step to adaptation by reducing the uncertainty about its current vulnerability to climate change, it dares to invest in and implement several adaptation measures that are expected on the long run both to improve the quality of life on the territory as well as to reduce social vulnerability.
Key words: vulnerability, heat waves, climate change, risks, incertitude, adaptation
TABLE OF CONTENTS
i.i. What is the relevance and interest in choosing the particular territorial scale for the study?
i.ii. What is the relevance and interest in studying the vulnerability to heat waves of the particular territory of Plaine Commune?
i.iii. Hypotheses, research questions and presentation of the plan
CHAPTER I. THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES ON VULNERABILITY TO HEAT WAVES AS CONSEQUENCE OF CLIMATE CHANGE
I.4. VULNERABILITY TO CLIMATE CHANGE
II.1.1. Retrospective insights and current situation
- Technical and Research Reports.
- Seminars, colloquiums, etc.
- Web sites and other sources